Namespace in python are implemented as python dictionaries,this means it is a mapping from names to object.the user doesn't have to know this to write a python program and when using namespace.the following some namespace in python.
global names of a module
local names in a function or method invocation
built in names
Although there are various unique namespaces defined,we may not be able to acess all of them from every part of the program.the concept of scop comes into play.scope is the portion of the program from where a namespace can be accessed directly without any prefix.at any given moment.there are at least three nested scopes.
1. Scope of the current function which has local names
2. Scope of the module which has global names
3. Outermost scope which has built-in names
def scope_test(): def do_local(): spam = "local spam" def do_nonlocal(): nonlocal spam spam = "nonlocal spam" def do_global(): global spam spam = "global spam" spam = "test spam" do_local() print("After local assignment:", spam) do_nonlocal() print("After nonlocal assignment:", spam) do_global() print("After global assignment:", spam) scope_test() print("In global scope:", spam)
After local assignment: test spam After nonlocal assignment: nonlocal spam After global assignment: nonlocal spam In global scope: global spam